a) To what extent is there a need to curtail and combine particular push and pull incentives to different classes of antibiotic resistance?
b) What are the pros and cons of purely market-based incentives in comparison to delinkage models in the ﬁght against antibiotic resistance?
c) To what extent would so-called complementary approaches, more public-private collaboration, or “integrated strategies” be helpful in European settings compared to the US and what legal changes would be required to implement such approaches?
d) Do we need to reconsider the already available incentives and deﬁnitions in the current “antibiotics” legislation in light of new scientiﬁc insights and bio-medical applications?
e) What potential do new forms of therapies based on gene-editing, such as CRISPR-Cas 9 and gene drive, and phage technologies have in the ﬁght against AMR and what are the legal and ethical dimensions?
This is an exciting opportunity for someone who is interested in pursuing doctoral research which can make a difference in society. It is a research project of immense relevance. As a PhD researcher, you will have the opportunity to contribute to the quest for a solution to this health crisis. Moreover, you will be able to work in an intellectually very stimulating and pleasant environment, and you will have the opportunity to work under the supervision of and with some of the finest experts in the area of biomedical innovation law, both in Copenhagen and in partner institutions such as Harvard University.
Study 6: Policy & Synergy
Study 6 aims to develop a framework that integrates law, ethical considerations, economics, science, business, and policy to support biomedical innovation. It includes a legal sub-study entitled “Towards an Improved and Sustainable Legal Framework for Biomedical Innovation”, which will address the following key research questions:
a) What common legal principles can be derived from each of the five concrete studies and how can they be synthesised and organized to form a conceptual framework with a sound underlying legal theory that can be translated into recommendations for new legislation?
b) How can those legal ﬁndings be applied to inform and shape both general innovation policy debates and more speciﬁc debates, such as on the role that alternative R&D incentives could play in the raging controversy over the patentability of biomedical products and methods?
c) What is the proper role for ethical considerations, e.g. on patient rights and access to medicines?
In that context, Study 6 considers also potential disruptions of the existing biomedical value chains through digitalization and artificial intelligence, and assesses the opportunities and risks that these new technologies entail. A question that merits particular attention is: To what extent may digital technologies help enhance innovation, address innovation inefficiencies, and adopt an adaptive governance of the emerging technologies addressed in Studies 1-5 and what are the legal issues? While offering amazing possibilities, there is no doubt that these technologies raise many legal questions with regard to intellectual property, liability, patient involvement, bias, discrimination, competition etc. The successful candidate is expected to focus on this cross-cutting AI dimension of Study 6 in collaboration with senior researchers at CeBIL and its partner institutions.
- Applicants must have obtained a degree that corresponds to the Danish Master of Laws or equivalent qualifications. Please visit studyindenmark.dk for more information.
- Applicants must have obtained a minimum overall grade average of 8.2 or above at the Master’s level in accordance with the Danish grading scale (for Danish scale, see here )
- Applicants may submit their application before they have completed their Master’s Degree. In that case, they must have submitted their final thesis before applying for this position and receive their final grades before 1 September 2019.
- Applicants must document an aptitude for research through the meritorious assessment of their final thesis, publications or academic recommendations in order to show that they are capable of undertaking the demanding task of writing a PhD thesis.
- Applicants must have excellent language skills in English and have excellent communications skills. Applicants must be able to teach at an academic level in Danish or English and to follow PhD courses in English.
- Actively engage in the research environment at the University of Copenhagen; participate in international conferences, courses and meetings relevant to their research project;
- Comply with the formal requirements of the PhD programme;
- Contribute to teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses in Danish or English offered by the Faculty of Law;
- Conduct independent and high quality research under the supervision of a senior member of academic staff at the Faculty.
- Research project proposal: This should include the following: (1) objective(s) of the research, (2) major research questions, (3) review of relevant literature, (4) methodology to be applied in the research, and (5) a timetable that plans for all course requirements to have been met within three years. The project description must elaborate on the value of the proposed research project in terms of its relevance to existing and future research in the field (maximum 6 pages excluding bibliography). The document must be in Times New Roman, font size 12, spacing 1.5 and all margins of 2 cm (right, left, top and bottom).
- Curriculum vitae (maximum 2 pages).
- Diplomas and transcripts: Certified copies of original diploma(s) and transcripts (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree) in the original language and an authorized English translation if they are issued in other language than English or Danish.
- Grading scale: A certified explanation of grading scale in the original language and an authorized English translation if it is available in another language than English or Danish.
- Supervisor: The name of a member of academic staff whom you wish to have assigned as your supervisor. You do not need to contact the supervisor but simply make a request in your application.
- Letter of motivation: Explain the choice of the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen as a host institution for the proposed project and outline how the project fits within the research priorities at the Faculty (maximum 1 page).
- Documentation of English level: Documentation of English level can for instance be documented by an excellent IELTS or TOEFL test.